Hail is formed when water droplets fall through air and the temperature is low enough that they will freeze, if there is moisture in this air these ice drops will pick up more moisture and freeze it, the longer they are falling through the moist air the bigger the stones become, in exceptional circumstances they can grow to be large enough to cause considerable damage to humans, structures and crops.
Motor vehicles are advised to stop and pull under shelter if possible as large lumps of ice falling out of the sky will make quite a mess of your car body work, and the greater the impact the more the damage, fruit growers are helpless when they see their soft fruits ruined, even if they are not knocked off the trees they will be bruised and unsalable.
Tornadoes will often spawn a shower of large hailstones traveling at high speed so if you see the tornado first, take shelter immediately, just pick up your grab-bag and head for the cellar; the only thing that is important is to make sure that you and your family survive the tornado, you may lose a lot of material things, but these are replaceable and if you have taken our advice the family treasures will have already been stored safely.
Animals seem to have a sixth sense when it comes to impending disturbances such as earthquakes and bad storms, so if your animals are acting strangely take particular note of the weather forecasts and what you can see on the horizon, some old people living in the country, with their vast experience become quite clever at forecasting the weather for the next few days.
Weather forecasters have recently developed many more collecting systems and with today’s super computers they can very accurately predict what your weather will be doing in the immediate future, the further into the future they forecast the less accurate they become but if they issue a forecast for a particular area they can now say that the rain will start in the next 15 minutes.
Nearly 100% of these storms will produce raindrop size stones which do no damage other than to collect in the gutters and drains and this might cause some local flooding, it is the odd one or two percent that are likely to make a mess of your greenhouse with its relatively thin glass.
Fortunately with modern communication systems these dangerous situations can be monitored easily and warnings issued by local government, civil defense, police, local radio and television.
Here is a video of hailstones falling
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